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這次的日蝕資訊 Solar Eclipse in April 2024

本文章探討了2024年4月的日蝕,包括其科學成因、觀測範圍、時間和規模,以及其在醫學、人文歷史以及巫術與魔法方面的意義。此外,文章還探討了破除日蝕迷信的觀點。

This article covers the upcoming solar eclipse in April 2024. It explains the causes, timing, location, and significance of solar eclipses in science, medicine, and human history. The article also discusses beliefs in witchcraft and magic surrounding eclipses and provides counterarguments against superstitions.

科學成因 Scientific Causes

日蝕是由月球遮擋太陽光線引起的天體現象。當月球處於地球和太陽之間,並且三者幾乎在同一直線上的時候,月球會擋住太陽的部分或全部光線,形成日蝕現象。這一現象是基於天文學和物理學的規律。(Espenak, 2018)

solar eclipse is a celestial phenomenon caused by the Moon blocking the sunlight. When the Moon passes between the Earth and the Sun, it blocks some or all of the sunlight, causing a solar eclipse. This statement refers to a concept rooted in the fundamental principles of astronomy and physics. (Espenak, 2018)

觀測範圍、時間和規模 Observation Range, Timing, and Scale

2024年4月的日蝕將在北美洲的一部分地區可見。具體觀測範圍包括美國的德克薩斯州、俄克拉荷馬州、阿肯色州、密蘇里州、伊利諾伊州、印第安納州、俄亥俄州、紐約州和佛蒙特州。日蝕的持續時間和規模將根據觀測地點的不同而有所變化。(NASA, 2024)

也就是說,這次在澳門時區中是晚上喔!

The solar eclipse in April 2024 will be visible in parts of North America. The specific observation range includes Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, New York, and Vermont in the United States. The duration and scale of the eclipse will vary depending on the observing location. (NASA, 2024)

醫學觀察 Medical Observations

日蝕期間對人體的影響是一個相對較新的研究領域。然而,有些科學研究指出,在日蝕期間可能會出現一些身體和行為上的變化。例如,一些研究表明,動物在日蝕期間可能會改變行為,鳥類可能停止歌唱,昆蟲可能停止活動,動物可能感到困惑或不安。

此外,有些人相信日蝕期間對人類的情緒和精神狀態可能產生影響。一些觀察研究報告稱,某些人可能在日蝕期間感到情緒不穩定、焦慮或情緒低落。然而,這些影響的科學根據尚不清楚,需要更多的研究來確定。

日月蝕週間有不適很正常的,就別賴水逆前很有水逆感了,水星是無辜的。

Research on the effects of solar eclipses on human bodies is still relatively new. However, some studies indicate that specific changes in behaviour and physiology may occur during a solar eclipse. For instance, during an eclipse, birds may stop singing, insects may stop moving, and animals may become confused or uneasy.

Some people believe solar eclipses may impact human emotions and mental states. Reports of specific individuals experiencing emotional instability, anxiety, or low mood during an eclipse have been observed. However, scientific evidence must be more abundant to confirm these effects, requiring further research.

人文歷史意義 Significance in Human History

日蝕在人文歷史上一直具有特殊的意義。許多文化和宗教都賦予日蝕神秘的象徵和宗教意義。一些文明將日蝕視為神霊的預兆或天降的警示。在歷史上,日蝕也被用作重要事件和紀念日的時間標記。以下是一些相關資訊:

  • 古代中國
    • 在中國古代,日蝕被視為皇帝的象徵,被認為是皇室的吉兆或凶兆。如果日蝕發生在新帝即位的時候,被視為一個好兆頭,表明新帝將有一個成功的統治。然而,如果日蝕發生在在位的皇帝統治期間,被認為是不祥的預兆,可能預示著國家的災難或政權的動搖。
  • 古代北歐
    • 在北歐神話中,日蝕被認為是狼吞日的結果。根據北歐神話,兩隻狼,一隻名為斯基爾尼爾 (Sköll),一隻名為哈提 (Hati),追逐太陽和月亮,當它們追趕到日蝕和月蝕時,人們相信它們將吞噬這些天體,這被視為災難的預兆。
  • 古代美洲文明
    • 馬雅文明和阿茲特克文明都將日蝕視為重要的神秘事件。馬雅人相信日蝕是太陽神受到攻擊的結果,他們會進行祭祀以確保太陽神的保護。阿茲特克人認為日蝕是一種不祥的預兆,他們相信太陽神被邪惡勢力俘虜。
  • 古希臘
    • 在公元前413年,雅典人對希臘城邦的西西里探險之前發生了一次日蝕。這被視為不祥的預兆,暗示雅典的冒險將以災難結束。然而,這次探險最終確實以失敗告終,成為雅典的重大挫敗事件。
  • 美國
    • 在美國歷史上,最著名的日蝕事件之一是1919年的全國性日蝕。這次日蝕橫跨了美國的大部分地區,引起了廣泛的關注和研究。這次日蝕成為了一個重要的時間標記,被用來驗證愛因斯坦的相對論預測,並且在科學上提供了對太陽和重力場的觀測證據。
  • 印度
    • 在印度,日蝕被視為一個重要的宗教和精神事件。例如,2019年的一次日蝕被稱為「印度最長的日蝕」,在印度境內的多個地區觀測到了這次特殊的日蝕現象。這次日蝕被視為一個重要的宗教儀式,吸引了大量的信眾和遊客。

Solar eclipses have been highly significant throughout human history. Many cultures and religions believe they have mystical symbolism and religious meanings. Some civilizations viewed solar eclipses as omens from the gods or celestial warnings. Throughout history, solar eclipses have been significant markers for important events and commemorative occasions.

Solar eclipses have had various connotations across different cultures throughout history. In ancient China, they were perceived as either favourable or unfavourable signs for the imperial dynasty. If a solar eclipse coincided with the ascension of a new emperor, it was deemed a propitious omen. However, it was regarded as unfavourable if it occurred during an emperor’s reign.

According to Norse mythology, solar eclipses occurred when wolves ate the Sun. Two wolves named Sköll and Hati chased the Sun and the Moon, and when they caught up during a solar or lunar eclipse, it was believed that they would devour these celestial bodies, signifying a disaster.

Both the Mayan and Aztec civilizations considered solar eclipses significant mystical events. The Mayans believed that solar eclipses resulted from an attack on the sun god, and they performed rituals to ensure the sun god’s protection. The Aztecs considered solar eclipses ominous omens and believed that malevolent forces captured the sun god.

In ancient Greece, a solar eclipse occurred before the Athenians embarked on an expedition to Sicily. According to the belief, it was a bad sign indicating that the venture of Athens would result in a catastrophe. Indeed, the expedition ultimately failed, becoming a significant setback for Athens.

One of the most famous solar eclipse events in U.S. history was the nationwide solar eclipse in 1919. This eclipse spanned many of the United States and garnered widespread attention and research. The eclipse served as a significant temporal marker, validating Einstein’s predictions of relativity and providing scientific evidence of solar and gravitational observations.

Solar eclipses are significant in India as they are considered significant religious and spiritual events. In 2019, a solar eclipse known as the “Longest Solar Eclipse in India” was observed in multiple regions of the country. Many devotees and tourists attended this eclipse as a significant religious ceremony.

巫術與魔法的應用 Use of Witchcraft and Magic

在巫術和魔法的傳統中,日蝕被認為具有特殊的能量和力量。一些巫師和魔法師相信日蝕期間進行法術和儀式可以增加其效果和效力。然而,這些信念和實踐在科學和理性的視角下被視為迷信。以下是三個廣泛流傳的觀點:

  1. 能量增強
    • 日蝕被認為是一種能量增強的時刻,巫師和魔法師相信這個時候他們可以更容易地獲取和操縱能量。因此,一些巫術儀式和魔法儀式在日蝕期間進行,以利用這種增強的能量。
  2. 不能流傳於大眾下的神秘力量
    • 日蝕被認為具有神秘的力量,可以打破常規的界限。在這種信念下,人們相信日蝕期間可以實現特殊的魔法效果,進行預知、通靈和其他超自然的行為。
  3. 轉變和變革
    • 日蝕被視為一個象徵性的時刻,代表著變革和轉變的開始。在巫術和魔法實踐中,日蝕被用作啟動新計劃、改變命運或追求個人成長的時機。

In the traditions of witchcraft and magic, people believe that solar eclipses hold a unique energy and power. Some witches and magicians believe performing spells and rituals during a solar eclipse can enhance their effectiveness and potency. However, from a scientific and rational perspective, these beliefs and practices are considered superstitious.

破除日蝕的迷信 Dispelling Superstitions Surrounding Solar Eclipses

日蝕的迷信觀念有很多,以下是其中一些常見的:

  • 不吃食物
    • 在一些文化中,人們相信在日蝕期間進食可能會導致胃部不適或消化問題,因此有時會選擇不進食。
  • 孕婦不出門
    • 一些迷信認為孕婦在日蝕期間出門可能會對胎兒產生不良影響,因此建議她們保持在室內。
  • 避免看日蝕
    • 相信看到即時的日蝕可能對靈魂造成傷害,因此人們被告誡不要觀察日蝕。

儘管日蝕在歷史上被賦予了各種迷信和看似神秘的意義,但科學解釋和觀察已經破除了其中許多迷信。通過科學的解釋和宣傳,我們可以更好地理解日蝕的成因和現象,從而消除其中的迷信觀念。再配合泓臻提供的巫術及魔法資訊,便能從神霊們的指引中更好地了解神秘學/玄學。

It is essential to dispel superstitious beliefs surrounding solar eclipses. It is believed that eating during a solar eclipse can cause stomach discomfort. It is advised that pregnant women stay indoors to avoid harm to the fetus, and it is cautioned against directly observing the eclipse. By promoting scientific understanding and education, we can better comprehend the causes and phenomena of solar eclipses.

參考書籍及網站 References

  1. Andrews, T. (2000). Dictionary of nature myths: legends of the earth, sea, and sky. Clarendon Press.
  2. Buckley, E. M. B., Caven, A. J., Gottesman, B. L., Harner, M. J., Pijanowski, B. C., & Forsberg, M. L. (2018). Assessing biological and environmental effects of a total solar eclipse with passive multimodal technologies. Ecological Indicators95, 353-369.
  3. Djurdjevic, G. (2005). Masters of magical powers: the Nāth Siddhas in the light of esoteric notions (Doctoral dissertation, University of British Columbia).
  4. Dorson, R. M. (1955). The eclipse of solar mythology. The Journal of American Folklore68(270), 393-416.
  5. Espenak, F. (2020). Eclipse Bulletin: Total Solar Eclipse of 2024 April 08. NASA.
  6. European Space Agency. “The Eclipse in History.” ESA.
  7. Goodrick-Clarke, N. (2008). The western esoteric traditions: a historical introduction. Oxford University Press.
  8. Herrick, J. A. (2004). The making of the new spirituality: The eclipse of the Western religious tradition. InterVarsity Press.
  9. Lange, H., & McLeish, T. (Eds.). (2024). Eclipse and Revelation: Total Solar Eclipses in Science, History, Literature, and the Arts. Oxford University Press.
  10. Meeus, J. (2009). Total Solar Eclipses and How to Observe Them. Springer.
  11. Mishra, M., Boopathy, R., Mallik, C., & Das, T. (2024). Particulate/gaseous pollutants and solar radiation fluctuations over Bhubaneswar amidst two special events: Diwali and solar eclipse. Atmospheric Pollution Research, 102117.
  12. NASA. (2024). Total Solar Eclipse of April 08, 2024.
  13. Sperl, S. (2006). ‘The Lunar Eclipse’: history, myth and magic in Ibrāhīm al-Kawnī’s first novel. Middle Eastern Literatures9(3), 237-255.
  14. Time and Date. (n.d.). Solar & Lunar Eclipses Worldwide.
  15. Wuam, P. W., & Shehu, K. (2022). Hausa people’s perception of eclipses: A natural phenomena or superstition?. International Journal of Intellectual Discourse5(2), 355-365.

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